South Sudan The Last Frontier

South Sudan. The last frontier. The epitome of the most genuine and wildest Africa. A little-visited country that constitutes a unique territory where numerous heterogeneous ethnic groups, in terms of their cultures and ways of life, coexist. Paradoxically, the world’s youngest nation is home to different ethnic groups that have managed to keep their customs intact for centuries. Despite similarities with the ethnic groups of the Omo Valley and the remote areas of northern Kenya, the long war with the north has left the ethnic groups of South Sudan isolated from the modern world.In this authentic African territory wealth is still measured in cattle, and warriors are constantly on guard. On this unique journey we will be introduced, safely, to this cultural diversity, as we live together and get to know each ethnic group and its particularities in depth.We will commence our adventure in Toposa territory, becoming familiar with these non-Nilotic ethnic groups for the first days. We will go on to also discover and spend time with the Larim and the Lopit peoples, before culminating our experience with the Mundari, unmistakable for their appearance and their scarifications.A truly unique experience for seasoned travelers in which we will discover some of the last remaining pockets of cultural resistance remaining in the world.


12 días


En grupo


2800 €

Salidas y Precios

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Precio de viajar en grupo

PVP por persona:

desde 2800 €

Route trip

Ask us for the PDF with the complete information of the route


International flight to South Sudan

International flight to South Sudan (overnight).


Arrival at Juba

Arrival at Juba Airport in the morning, where our team will help with the entry steps and formalities. We will then be transferred to the Royal Palace Hotel, where a presentation of the program will be given. We can spend the rest of the day exploring the city or relaxing at the hotel. Overnight at the Royal Palace Hotel. A&B (Accommodations and Breakfast)


Juba – Kapoeta

We will wake up in Juba and, at the agreed time, proceed to the airport to board a regular flight to Kapoeta, a city located in the southeast of the country.Our arrival time allowing, we will head for the hotel to leave our luggage and, in the afternoon, reach the villages of the Toposa ethnic group in the area, which are close to the lodge, during the last hours of the day.Mango Campground, FB (Full Board)


Kapoeta (Toposa Villages)

The Toposa are proud of their society, which measures its wealth based on heads of cattle, as is the case in other area communities. This village still maintains its own customs, based on animism; they believe in a supreme being linked to nature and in the souls of their ancestors, to whom they turn during festivities and ceremonies. Aesthetically, the Toposa mark their skin with visible scarifications that, in the case of women, are complemented by lip piercings.This group lives in an arid area, which forces herders to travel long distances with their cattle in search of pasturelands. The region is rich in minerals, especially gold. In fact, they spend part of their time searching for the precious metal in riverbeds. This ethnic group, mainly engaged in livestock raising and subsistence agriculture, primarily growing sorghum, although they also cultivate tobacco. They live around the Kanthagor Mountains, between the Upper Nile and Equatoria states. Campground, FB (Full Board).


Kapoeta – Boya

After breakfast we will head west in search of the Boya Mountains, home to one of the most interesting and seldom-visited ethnic groups in South Sudan: the Larim, or Longarim. Young Larim use these mountains as watchtowers from which they oversee part of their territory. Young women use rocks to grind sorghum grain, often in small groups in which they sing as they do so.Campground, FB (Full Board).


Boya (Larim Village)

Larim villages dot the area around Imatong, its most important town. The life of this tribe revolves around cattle, as they eat their meat, drink their blood and milk, sleep in their skins, and use them for dowries in their marriage ceremonies. Like most of the ethnic groups in the region, the Larim are animists and believe in the spirits of their ancestors, with whom they communicate during ceremonies, and that they summon with offerings. They also protect their houses with elements such as snail shells, sacred stones, etc.The Larim’s tribal aesthetics are very interesting and, despite changes in recent years due to new products reaching their markets, their concepts in this regard are still unique and highly distinctive. Campground, FB (Full Board).


Boya Mountains – Lopit Villages

We leave the Boya Mountains to continue our journey in a westerly direction and, after a few kilometers, veer north in search of the territory of the Lopit ethnic group. There we will camp around the Lopit hills and near some of their villages. Our stay in the area will help us to learn a little more about this little-known ethnic group.These people, living in the vicinity of the Lopit hills, in mountainous territory, have their most important settlement in the town of Imehejek, and practice traditional agriculture and cattle breeding.Linguistically, the Lopit share similarities with the neighboring Lotuko people, but also with the Maasai, suggesting that they share a common territorial origin. The Lopit proudly maintain their cultural identity and hold important cultural ceremonies, closely linked to their ages and generational groups. Campground, FB (Full Board).


Lopit Villages – Juba

After breakfast we break camp and set off for the capital of South Sudan, Juba, where we will settle in our hotel to rest and arrange our luggage after a few days of camping. We will have dinner at the hotel, or look for an interesting place in the city.Overnight at Royal Palace.


Juba – Mundari Cattle Camp

We begin the last stage of the expedition in another place of great ethnographic value. We will head north in our vehicles for the banks of the Nile River.About 4 hours from Juba, we find Nyakabor Village, where we will stop to make the necessary arrangements in order to be able to camp near Terekeka. We are in the middle of Mundari territory.Campground, FB (Full Board).

DÍA 10

Mundari Cattle Camp

Sunrise on the banks of the Nile. On these days we will live with the Mundari and experience the daily life of this spectacular ethnic group.The Mundari is the only Nilotic group in South Sudan, together with the Dinkas. Their territory is located on both sides of the Nile River, and they use its waters both for crops (mainly sorghum and maize) and for their livestock. In the dry season, the Mundari move to their “Cattle Camp” on the banks of the Nile, and even to some of the river’s small islands. They attach special importance to their cattle, with which they live in total harmony. The young are born and grow up among the cattle, drinking their blood and milk, washing themselves with their urine, and making small mounds of ashes with their feces to drive away the many insects in the area. Cattle, therefore, are a source of life for them that they see as a connection between them and their gods. They also use them at marriage ceremonies, at which the husband’s family must pay the woman’s family in heads of cattle.This ethnic group is also characterized by its scarifications; when they reach adulthood, young Mundari scarify their foreheads with 3 well marked ‘V’s. In recent years, the Mundari have suffered from war, and have been moving from one place to another, with most of them now living in the area around Terakeka.Campground, FB (Full Board).

Essential information

Best time to travel to South Sudan

Rift Valley organizes trips to the country throughout the year, although it should be noted that in the dry months, November to March, almost any part of the country can be visited without any problem. From April to October, during the rainy (albeit irregular) season, some areas may be isolated.

Health – Vaccines

edical and health care is limited throughout the country, although very basic services can be found in Juba. As with all travel, Rift Valley recommends taking out health insurance in your home country with international coverage. With regards to health, bottled water is recommended, and raw vegetables and unpeeled fruits should be avoided. Schistosomiasis is widespread, but can be avoided by not swimming in rivers or reservoirs. There is a high incidence of malaria throughout the country, especially during the rainy season. Vaccination for yellow fever is mandatory, and local authorities may request international certification for it.


Medical and health care is limited throughout the country, although very basic services can be found in Juba. As with all travel, Rift Valley recommends taking out health insurance in your home country with international coverage. With regards to health, bottled water is recommended, and raw vegetables and unpeeled fruits should be avoided. Schistosomiasis is widespread, but can be avoided by not swimming in rivers or reservoirs. There is a high incidence of malaria throughout the country, especially during the rainy season. Vaccination for yellow fever is mandatory, and local authorities may request international certification for it.


The local currency is the South Sudanese pound. The most accepted and widespread foreign currency is the US dollar, although it is essential that notes have an issue date after 2006, and not be marked, or they will not be accepted.


  • Transfers from/to the airport, as per the itinerary.
  • Vehicle with driver and gasoline.
  • English-speaking guide
  • Camping equipment
  • Full board, Juba exluded
  • Double rooms,
  • Tickets and activities, according to the itinerary.
  • Mineral water except in HOTELS
  • Domestic flight to Kapoeta.
  • Basic Travel insurance.

No incluye

  • International flight
  • Visa (€200) unless otherwise specified.
  • Meals at Juba.
  • Tips, beverages and personal expenses, as well as unspecified items.
  • Any other items not expressly specified as included.

Route photo gallery

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    South Sudan Lifestyle

    South Sudan

    Taveller’s opinions

    190 viajeros han realizado esta ruta con Rift Valley

    Rift Valley Expeditions

    Eleni Domazinaki
    Eleni Domazinaki
    22. Enero, 2024.
    Traveled with Rift Valley Expeditions in the South of Ethiopia . Mehari was an excellent guide and driver . Made the trip unforgettable and unique.He was very organised and was making sure we enjoyed every second of the trip. Would definitely recommend him and for sure will travel with them again!
    Sitges Travel
    Sitges Travel
    14. Enero, 2024.
    Gracias Rift Valley por hacer de nuestro viaje a Benín una espectacular experiencia con los 5 sentidos. Ya hacía tiempo que queríamos viajar con vosotros a título personal, y ahora que ya lo hemos hecho, sin duda os recomendaremos a todos nuestros clientes aventureros. ¡¡Ya estamos deseando volver a África para descubrir con vosotros otro destino!! Queremos agradecer especialmente a nuestro guía en Benín, Oumar Farouk, eres una joyita de persona, ¡no cambies nunca!, y a Rafa Martín por todo lo que aprendemos y nos enamora más el continente africano cada vez que hablamos contigo ;)
    Natalia Valencia Pineda
    Natalia Valencia Pineda
    3. Diciembre, 2023.
    Estoy en estos momentos regresando de un viaje en Kenia y simplemente espectacular. Recomiendo la agencia y sobre todo a sus guias. Siempre dispuestos a todo!
    Teresa Pubill
    Teresa Pubill
    8. Octubre, 2023.
    Al Setembre vaig fer una safari a Tanzania amb Rift Valley. L’ organització ha estat fantàstica des del primer moment que vam contactar amb ells. El guia un gran professional, ens va resoldre tots els dubtes que teniem i ens va fer disfrutar molt del safari. Els hotels, recomanats per l’ agència van set extraordinaris. Realment son molt professionals i fan que sigui un viatge inobidable. Segur que tornaré a viatjar amb ells i els recomano a tothom que vulgui viatjar a Africa
    Ana Olivar
    Ana Olivar
    14. Septiembre, 2023.
    Viatges diferents i culturals
    Kira Josende Camacho
    Kira Josende Camacho
    14. Septiembre, 2023.
    ¡Experiencia increíble en Kenia! Muchas gracias por toda la organización! Repetiremos seguro! :)
    Nerea Tabernero
    Nerea Tabernero
    2. Septiembre, 2023.
    Nuestro viaje a Etiopía no podría haber salido mejor. Recorrimos el sur del país durante semana y media acompañados por Salomon y Mente, los mejores guía y conductor posibles. Tanto los alojamientos como la coordinación de horarios y visitas han sido perfectos, incluso cuando ha habido algún imprevisto.
    Jorge Pam
    Jorge Pam
    1. Septiembre, 2023.
    Tras viajar con ellos por Etiopía, recomiendo sin dudarlo a Rift Valley para viajar por África. Tienen multitud de experiencia, contactos y saber hacer. Gracias en especial a nuestro guía Salomon y nuestro conductor Mente. 😃
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